INFINITIVE TANPA TO

INFINITIVE TANPA TO
A. Bentuk Infinitive tanpa to
1. Bentuk positif
a. Kata kerja
1). Bentuk aktif (… me … / … ber …)
Contoh:
do (= mengerjakan);
be doing (= sedang mengerjakan);
 do
have done (V3) (= sudah / telah
mengerjakan);
have been doing (= sudah / telah
mengerjakan) (dalam rentang waktu).
2). Bentuk pasif (= di …)
Contoh:
be done (V3) (= dikerjakan).
 do
having been done (= sudah / telah
dikerjakan).

b. Kata sifat
Contoh:
 punctual be punctual (= tepat waktu);
 able be able ( = mampu / dapat).

c. Frasa benda
Contoh:
 an engineer be an engineer (= menjadi seorang insinyur).
d. Keterangan tempat
Contoh:
 in the office be in the office (= berada di kantor).
2. Bentuk negatif
a. Kata kerja
Contoh:
 do not do (= tidak mengerjakan).
b. Kata sifat
Contoh:
 late not be late (= tidak terlambat).

B. Penggunaan Infinitive tanpa to
1. Setelah auxiliary verbs shall / should, will / would, can / could, may / might, must, do / does / did dan needn’t (need not)
Contoh:
 I / We shall drop you a line (= mengabari) as soon as (= segera setelah) I / we get to (= sampai di) London.
 I think the government should do something about the economy.
 At nine o’clock tomorrow, the manager will be addressing
(= sedang berpidato dalam) the business meeting.
 By the end of this year, he will have graduated from Amikom college.

 The sales meeting will be held soon; you should plan
to be attendance.
 Jane will have been employed for 25 years before she retires.
 By the end of this year, he will have been studying at Amikom college for approximately two years.
 He promised he would be punctual in payment for his rent.
 I wish somebody would give me a job.
 You can get in touch with (= menghubungi) me by telephone
at 371415.
 After the success of Windows 95, Microsoft could outsell
(= menjual lebih banyak dari) any competitor.
 To improve your spoken English, we wish all of you could join us in AECC (Amikom English Conversation Club).
 Doctors may be able (= mungkin mampu / dapat) to operate on patients at a distance in future.
 Don’t call on (= mengunjungi) him at 8:30. He may / might be expecting (= sedang menjamu) guests.
 He may be in the office now.
 I don’t know what his occupation is. He may be a computer programmer.
 Could / Can / May I look at your newspaper? Could / Can / May have a light?
 You mustn’t (= tidak boleh /dilarang) make unauthorized copies of software.
 You have been working hard all day. You must be tired.
 Do you / Does he have the courage to ask your / his employer for a raise in a pay?
 How much did you put aside (= menabung) every month
while you were working abroad?
 You needn’t learn how to program in HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) before designing web pages.
2. Setelah ungkapan tertentu
Contoh:
 You had better (= sebaiknya) mind your own business.
 As you are unemployed, you might as well (= sebaiknya) accept the job offer.
 She would rather (= lebih suka) have a laptop than a palmtop.
3. Setelah Why …? Why not …?
Contoh:
 Why put off (= menunda) the plan until tomorrow?
Why not carry it out (= melaksanakan) right now?
4. Pada idiom tertentu
Contoh:
 I hear say (= kabarnya) the price of a computer is going up.
 It’s foolish to let slip (= melewatkan) such an opportunity.
 They made believe (= berlagak) they knew everything.
5. Untuk pelengkap obyek
Contoh:
 Graphical User Interface lets you point to (= menunjuk ke) icons and click a mouse button to execute a task.
 The new director made all of the staff members work hard.
 I had them cope with (= memecahkan) the problem themselves.
 We have never known our manager lose his temper (= marah)
 I never find my assistant neglect (= mengabaikan) his work.
Catatan:
setelah obyek yang didahului kata kerja find, talk about, listen to, smell, dan see, selain digunakan infinitive tanpa to, juga dapat digunakan present participle. Di sini, penggunaan infinitive tanpa to berarti subyek berbuat sesuatu dari awal hingga akhir terhadap obyek yang melakukan sesuatu atau terjadi, dan penggunaan present participle berarti subyek berbuat sesuatu terhadap obyek pada saat obyek sedang melakukan sesuatu atau sedang terjadi.
Contoh:
 The police found him hack into (= membobol) / hacking into (= sedang membobol) a computer system.
 We heard him talk about / talking about this incident.
 I listened to them talk over (= membahas) / talking over
(= sedang membahas) the problem.
 She smelt something burn (= terbakar) / burning (= sedang terbakar).
 I saw you peep through (= mengintip melalui) / peeping through (= sedang mengintip melalui) the window
of the teaching staff room.
6. Untuk kalimat perintah
Contoh:
 Be careful (= berhati-hatilah).
 Arrange (= susunlah) the icons.
 Adjust ( = aturlah) the speaker volume.
 Shut down ( =hentikanlah aktivitas) the system.
 Debug (= hilangkanlah kesalahan dari) the program.
 Display (= tampilkanlah) the date.
 Click on the Find button to start the search.
 Select (= pilihlah) the appropriate programming language.
 Let’s (us) go home now.

 INFITIVE:
 INFINITIVE TANPA TO
 INFINITIVE DENGAN TO

Posted in Study. 2 Comments »

2 Responses to “INFINITIVE TANPA TO”

  1. cute pictures Says:

    Amazing blog layout here. Was it hard creating a nice looking website like this?


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