FULL VERB

FULL VERB (= KATA KERJA PENUH) BAHASA INGGRIS
UNTUK WAKTU SEKARANG

1. BE (AM / IS / ARE) (LIHAT KALIMAT TUNGGAL I)
BE sebagai kata kerja penuh merupakan kata kerja penghubung (= linking verb) antara unsur subyek (kata ganti orang, frasa benda, dsb.) dan unsur pelengkap subyek (= subjective complement) (kata sifat, frasa preposisi, dsb.)

Bentuk kalimat tunggal I berbeda dengan bentuk kalimat tunggal II, III, IV, dan V dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya.

Contoh kalimat tunggal I dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya:
a. Kalimat positif
▪ The PC IS …. (kata sifat, frasa preposisi, dsb.)
▪ The PCs ARE ….
▪ One of the PCs IS ….
▪ Many / Most / Some of the PCs ARE ….
▪ Much / Most / Some of the information IS ….
▪ Some people are ….
▪ The news IS ….
▪ Two dollars IS …. Ten silver dollars ARE …. Twenty-six miles IS ….


b. Kalimat negatif
▪ The PC IS NOT ….
▪ The PCs ARE NOT ….
c. Kalimat tanya iya / tidak
▪ IS this PC …. (kata sifat, frasa preposisi, dsb.)? (= APAKAH …?) Yes, IT IS … / No, IT ISN’T.
▪ ARE those PCs …? Yes, THEY ARE … / No, THEY AREN’T.
▪ IS everybody …? Yes, THEY ARE … / No, THEY AREN’T.
▪ IS everything …? Yes, IT IS … / No, IT ISN’T.
▪ ARE there any PCs in the room? Yes, there ARE (some PCs in the room) / No, there ARE NOT (any PCs in the room).
d. Kalimat tanya dengan kata tanya
▪ What IS a system?
▪ What IS your office like?
▪ What IS in the box?
▪ What kind of man IS the new director?
▪ What IS your e-mail address?
▪ Where ARE the other staff members?
▪ When IS your birthday?
▪ Who IS the man at the door?
▪ Who IS absent from work today?
▪ Why ARE you interested in this job?
▪ How IS your manager?
▪ How many employees ARE present at work today?
▪ How much money IS in the bag?
▪ Which IS better, the red one or the yellow one?
▪ Which one of the PCs IS the most powerful?
▪ Whose IS this PC? (= Whose PC IS this?)

2. SENSESORY / SPECIAL VERB (LIHAT KALIMAT TUNGGAL II)
SENSORY / SPECIAL VERB merupakan kata kerja penghubung (selain BE) antara unsur subyek (kata ganti orang, frasa benda, dsb.) dan unsur pelengkap subyek (= subjective complement) (kata sifat, frasa preposisi, dsb.)

Bentuk kalimat tunggal II, III, IV, dan V sama dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya.

Contoh kalimat tunggal II dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya:
a. Kalimat positif
▪ I / You / We / They FEEL happy.
▪ He / She FEELS happy.
▪ The workers FEEL happy.
▪ The worker FEELS happy.
b. Kalimat negatif
▪ I / You / We / They DO NOT (DON’T) FEEL happy.
▪ He / She DOES NOT (DOESN’T) FEEL happy.
▪ The workers DON’T FEEL happy.
▪ The worker DOESN’T FEEL happy.

c. Kalimat tanya iya / tidak
▪ DO you / they FEEL happy?
▪ DOES he / she FEEL happy?
▪ DO the workers FEEL happy?
▪ Does the worker feel happy?
d. Kalimat tanya dengan kata tanya
▪ How DO you / they FEEL?
▪ How DOES he / she FEEL?
▪ How DO the workers FEEL?
▪ How DOES the worker FEEL?

3. INTRANSITIVE VERB (= KATA KERJA INTRANSITIF) (kki) (LIHAT KALIMAT TUNGGAL III)
KATA KERJA INTRANSITIF:
a. Kata kerja yang tidak memerlukan obyek.
b. Kata kerja yang tidak dapat dipasifkan (tidak dapat diubah dengan awalan ‘di…’)

Bentuk kalimat tunggal II, III, IV, dan V sama dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya.

Contoh kalimat tunggal II dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya:
a. Kalimat positif
▪ I / You / We / They WORK in a factory.
▪ He / She WORKS in a factory.
▪ The men WORK in a factory.
▪ The man works in a factory.
b. Kalimat negatif
▪ I / You / We / They DO NOT (DON’T) WORK in a factory.
▪ He / She DOES NOT (DOESN’T) WORK in a factory.
▪ The men DON’T FEEL WORK in a factory.
▪ The man DOESN’T WORK in a factory.
c. Kalimat tanya iya / tidak
▪ DO you / they WORK in a factory?
▪ DOES he / she WORK in a factory?
▪ DO the men WORK in a factory?
▪ Does the man WORK in a factory?
d. Kalimat tanya dengan kata tanya
▪ Where DO you / they WORK?
▪ Where DOES he / she WORK?
▪ Where DO the men WORK?
▪ Where DOES the man WORK?

4. TRANSITIVE VERB (= KATA KERJA TRANSITIF) (kkt) DENGAN SATU OBYEK (LIHAT KALIMAT TUNGGAL IV)
KATA KERJA TRANSITIF:
a. Kata kerja yang memerlukan obyek.
b. Kata kerja yang dapat dipasifkan (dapat diubah dengan awalan ‘di…’)

Bentuk kalimat tunggal II, III, IV, dan V sama dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya.

Contoh kalimat tunggal II dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya:
a. Kalimat positif
▪ I / You / We / They DO the work every morning.
▪ He / She DOES the work every morning.
▪ The men DO the work every morning.
▪ The man DOES the work every morning.
b. Kalimat negatif
▪ I / You / We / They DON’T DO the work every morning.
▪ He / She DOESN’T DO the work every morning.
▪ The men DON’T DO the work every morning.
▪ The man DOESN’T DO the work every morning.
c. Kalimat tanya iya / tidak
▪ DO you / they DO the work every morning?
▪ DOES he / she DO the work every morning?
▪ DO the men DO the work every morning?
▪ DOES the man DO the work every morning?
d. Kalimat tanya dengan kata tanya
▪ What DO you / they DO every morning?
▪ What DOES he / she DO every morning?
▪ What DO the men DO every morning?
▪ What DOES the man DO every morning?

5. TRANSITIVE VERB (= KATA KERJA TRANSITIF) (kkt) DENGAN DUA OBYEK (LIHAT KALIMAT TUNGGAL V)
KATA KERJA TRANSITIF:
a. Kata kerja yang memerlukan obyek.
b. Kata kerja yang dapat dipasifkan (dapat diubah dengan awalan ‘di…’)

Bentuk kalimat tunggal II, III, IV, dan V sama dalam kalimat positif, negatif, tanya iya / tidak, dan tanya dengan kata tanya.

▪ You do the work every night.
S P O Adverbial of Time
(= mengerjakan) (kkt) (kata kerja
penuh) (= full verb)
▪ Do you do the work every night? Yes, I do.
(= Apakah bukan apa) (kata bantu tanya)
▪ What do you do every night?
(= Apa bukan apakah) (kata tanya)
(menanyakan obyek)
▪ What do you do? I am a programmer.
(= Apa pekerjaan Anda) (Tanpa
keterangan) (menanyakan
pekerjaan)
You have many PCs.
Do you have many PCs?
▪ How many PCs do you have?
He has many PCs.
Does he have many PCs? No,
he doesn’t have many PCs
▪ How many PCs does he have?
You have much money.
Do you have much money?
▪ How much money do you have?
▪ How much money do you earn a month?

▪ You have a class / classes today. (= Saya ada kuliah / kuliah kuliah hari ini)
▪ Do you have a class / classes today? Yes, I do.
▪ How many classes do you have today? I have two classes today.
▪ What class(es) do you have today?
▪ What programming language(s) do you know?
▪ What kind of computer do you have today?
▪ What kind of operating system do you use? I use Linux.
▪ How many times (a day) do you access your e-mail (a day)?

THE DIRECTIONS OF ANSWERING THE TEST ITEMS GIVEN IN THE FINAL, WRITTEN EXAMINATION OF ENGLISH I

A. Read Each of the Following Test Items Carefully. Read the Four Choices Marked a, b, c, and d, and Decide Which One Is False. Then, on your Answer Sheet, Write the Letter of the Answer You Have Chosen:

Example
The test item: Two employees is absent from work today.
a b c d
The correct answer: b.

B. Write down the Phonetic Scripts and Meanings of the Following words:

Example
The test item: Delete.
The correct answer: /dIli:t/ menghapus.

C. Identify and Underline Each Subject, Predicate, Object, or Direct Object and Indirect Object or Vice Versa, and Adjunct (If There Is Any) of the Following Sentences, and beneath each Line, Write S for the Subject, P for the Predicate, O for the Object, DO for the Direct Object, IO for the Indirect Object, and A for the Adjunct:

Example
The test item: I visit Internet sites regularly.
The correct answer: I visit Internet sites regularly.
S P O A

D. Arrange the Following Cues in Proper Word Order To Make Complete Sentences:

Example
The test item: laptop – he – new – a – has.
The correct answer: He has a new laptop.

E. Change Each of the Following Sentences into a Negative Sentence, a Yes-no Question, and a Question Beginning with an Interrogative Word, and Answer the Questions You Have Made:

Example
The test item: Those are our PCs.
The correct answer:
1. Those are not our PCs.
2. Are those your PCs? No, they are not.
3. Whose PCs are those? (= Whose are those PCs?) They are theirs / his / hers / John’s.

TENSES
KALI MAT TUNGGAL I DAN
KALI MAT TUNGGAL II – V
KALI MAT TUNGGAL I KALI MAT TUNGGAL II – V
Simple Present Tense Simple Present Tense
Kalimat Positif Kalimat Positif
I am
in Jogja
now / today / every morning / on Sundays / this morning
(= pagi ini). I go to Jogja
every morning / on Sundays.

They are They
He is He goes
Kalimat Negatif Kalimat Negatif
I am not in Jogja
on Sundays. I do not go to Jogja on Sundays.
They are not They
He is not He does not
Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak
Are you in Jogja on Sundays? Do you go to Jogja on Sundays?
Is he Does he
Yes, I am / No, I am not; Yes, he is / No, he is not. Yes, I do / No, I do not; Yes he does / No, he does not.
Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya
Where are you on Sundays? Where do you go on Sundays?
is he does he
I am / He is in Jogja on Sundays. I go / He goes to Jogja on Sundays.

Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense
Kalimat Positif Kalimat Positif
I
He was in Jogja yesterday / last Monday / two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi). I
He
They went
(Verb II) to Jogja yesterday / last Monday /
two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi).
They were
Kalimat Negatif Kalimat Negatif
I
He was not in Jogja yesterday / last Monday / two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi). I
He
They did not go to Jogja yesterday / last Monday /
two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi).
They were not
Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak
Was I
he in Jogja yesterday / last Monday / two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi)? Did you
he
they go to Jogja yesterday / last Monday /
two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi)?
were they
Yes, I / He was; No, I / He was not / Yes, they were / No, they were not Yes, I / He did; No, I / He did not / Yes, they did/ No, they did not
Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya
Where were you yesterday / last Monday / two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi)? Where did you
he
they go yesterday / last Monday /
two days ago / in 1988 / this morning (= pagi tadi)?
they
was he
I / He was / They were in Jogja yesterday. I / He / They went to Jogja yesterday.

Future Tense Future Tense
Kalimat Positif Kalimat Positif
I
They
He will
(can)
(may)
(must) be there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon. I
They
He will
(can)
(may)
(must) go there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon.
Kalimat Negatif Kalimat Negatif
I
They
He
will not
be there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon. I
They
He
will not
go there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon.
Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak Kalimat Tanya Iya / Tidak
Will
you
they
he be there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon? Will
you
they
he go there tomorrow / next Sunday / in two hours / soon?
Yes, I / He / They will; No, I / He / They will not Yes, I / He / They will; No, I / He / They will not
Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya
When
will
you
they
he be there? When
will
you
they
he go there?
I / He / They will be there tomorrow. I / He / They will go there tomorrow.

PRONOUN (= KATA GANTI)
SEBAGAI
SUBYEK SEBAGAI KATA
SIFAT YANG BERSIFAT MILIK SEBAGAI
OBYEK SEBAGAI
KATA GANTI
MILIK
I
am tall MY PCs
are good This is
for ME This is
MINE
YOU
are tall YOUR PCs
are good This is
for YOU This is
YOURS
WE
are tall OUR PC
are good This is
for US This is
OURS
JONI AND
ANI THEY
are tall THEIR PCs
are good This is
for THEM This is
THEIRS
JONI HE
is tall HIS PCs
are good This is
for HIM This is
HIS
ANI SHE
is tall HER PCs
are good This is
for HER This is
HERS
ANIS’ PCs
are good
MR. JONES’S PCs
are good
THE STUDENTS’ PCs
are good
THE PCs THEY
are good THEIR colors
are black and grey One of THEM
is new
THE PC IT is good ITS color
is black

WHERE
WHY
WHO / WHOM
WHAT
WHEN
WHOSE (= milik siapa)
WHICH (= yang mana)
HOW

 I am Sakura.
1. I am not Suzuna.
2. Are you Kurenai? No, ….
3. (= Siapa) … are you? I am Tsunade.

 My name is Sakura.
1. My name is not Suzuna.
2. Is your name Kurenai? No, ….
3. (= Siapa) … is your name? My name is Tsunade.

 Mr. Jono is in his room now.
1. Mr. Jono is not in his room now.
2. Is Mr. Jono in Citra room now? No, ….
3. (= Dimana) … is Mr. Jono now? He is in the lab now.

 Mr. Jono … on the way (= dalam perjalanan) to the head office.
1. Mr. Jono … on the way to the head office.
2. … Mr. Jono on the way here? No, ….
3. (= Dimana) … Mr. Jono? He is on the way to the branch office.

 My address is 1 Jl. Ciblek Klaten.
1. My address is not 4 Jl. Ciblek Klaten.
2. Is your address 9 Jl. Emprit Wonosari? No, ….
3. (= Dimana) … is your address? My addres is 8 Jl. Emprit Wonosari.

 My e-mail address … http://www.ciblek@yahoo.com.
1. My e-mail address … http://www.ciblek@gmail.com.
2. … your e-mail address http://www.emprit@yahoo.com? No, ….
3. (= Dimana) … your e-mail address? My e-mail address … http://www.emprit@gmail.com.

 My phone number … 1111.
1. My phone number … 4444.
2. … your phone number 9999? No, ….
3. (= Berapa) … your phone number? My phone number … 8888.

 I am 11 (years old).
1. I am not 14 (years old).
2. … you 19 (years old)? No, ….
3. (= Berapa usia) … you? I am 18 (years old).

 My hobby … making a site about movies.
1. My hobby … browsing on the Internet.
2. (= Apakah) … your hobby also making a site about movies? No, ….
3. (=Apa) … your hobby? My hobby … surfing on the Internet.

 Making a site about movies … my hobby.
1. Browsing on the Internet … my hoby.
2. (= Apakah) … making a site about movies also your hobby? No, ….
3. (=Apa) … your hobby? My hobby … surfing on the Internet.

 Jogging in the morning and playing badminton in the afternoon are good for your health.

 My job … to fix computers.
1. My job … to repair cars.
2. (= Apakah) … your job also to fix computers? No, ….
3. (=Apa) … your job? My job … to repair cars.

 My job … fixing computers.
1. My job … repairing cars.
2. (= Apakah) … your job also fixing computers? No, ….
3. (=Apa) … your job? My job … repairing cars.

 He is a / the / my / your / her manager. (determiners: a / an, the, my, your, her, etc.)
 They are programmers.
 A computer is a machine.
 Computers are machines.

 Their office … a long way from their houses.
1. Their office … far from my house.
2. (= Apakah) … their office far from your house? No, ….
3. (=Berapa jauh) … their office from your house? … about 80 meters from my houses.

 A computer is a machine for processing data.
 I am interested in studying IT.

Posted in Study. 2 Comments »

2 Responses to “FULL VERB”

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